R.K. Mukherjee (RadhaKamal Mukherjee) | Values | Meaning, Definition, Biography, Contribution

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“Values are socially approved desires and goals that are internalised through the process of conditioning, learning or socialization and that become subjective preferences, standards, and aspirations”.

R.K. Mukherjee (Biography)


Radhakamal Mukherjee, together with his colleagues D. Mukherji and G. Ghurye, is regarded as a pioneer of Indian sociology. Radhakamal Mukherjee’s contribution made Lucknow one of the leading centers for social science studies. He started night schools for adults, taught poor students, and wrote several economic texts and even some monthly magazines like Parana.


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Accused by the British Of being a terrorist, he was arrested and all his adult schools were liquidated in 1915. After his release, he began teaching first at the University of Calcutta and then at the University of Lucknow for almost 30 years. He also served as Economic Advisor and Director of the J. Institute of Sociology and Human Relations at Lucknow University and served on various committees appointed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh and the Union Government.


He writes About Indian culture and civilization and explores its art, architecture, history, and culture and how they bring about collective development and harmony. Human civilization, he proposes, should be studied at three interrelated levels: “biological evolution,” which facilitates the emergence and development of humans; “universalization”, the ability of humans to identify with the larger collective, such as the nation or the entire universe; and “spiritual dimension” so that people ascend through the transcendental ladder and transcend their physical and material limitations. In his book Personality, Radhakamal sees the individual personality as an agent that acts and makes decisions regarding values ​​related to self, the other, and the cosmos. However, human personality has the property of transcending itself and these influences, define personality as transcendence. Mukherjee also talks about values, which are socially recognized desires, internalized through socialization and conditioning.

Common Goals and values ​​among men help build social relationships seen within groups. Similarly, institutions are endowed with organized formal social relations. Mukherjee surveyed the nexus of human connections in the totality of life and dwelling. This perspective was not satisfactory for contemporary mandarins in “financial” science; Mukherjee was also unworthy of the contemporary Mandarin of the humanities or any other “discipline” of sociology. Thus, in
Mukherjee became a Brat ya, a minor man in the field of sociology.

Be that as it may, Mukherjee’s observational investigations into various parts of living conditions were individually increasingly refreshing; however, his promotion of “institutional organization” was not readily recognized. In his later years, Radhakamal Mukherjee emphasized an interdisciplinary disciplinary approach to understanding life. Mukherjee tried to break down the barriers between the natural sciences and the sciences that deal with aspects of human beings. 

Mukherjee was a pioneer of sociology in the 1900s.


R.K. Mukherjee (biography). (n.d.). wikipedia.org. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/0b/Radha_Kumud_Mukherji.jpg/220px-Radha_Kumud_Mukherji.jpg

SABNAM. (n.d.). Radhakamal mukherjee’s biography and contributions. Sociologygroup. https://www.sociologygroup.com/radhakamal-mukherjee-biography-contributions/

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