Technical Analysis Definition, Best Meaning & Examples, Assumptions

Technical analysis is a trading discipline that has been in use for many years. It’s considered to be quite old and was originated by one man name Charles Dow. 

Technical analysis gives a trader the ability to predict exactly when a certain security will rise or fall in price, which is done by taking past price figures and organizing them in terms of supporting or contradicting factors. 



Meaning of Technical Analysis 

Technical analysis is the process of examining the price movement, volume, and trends of a stock or security to determine how or when to trade and forecast the price movement of a stock or security.



Technical Analysis (Definition)


Technical analysis is a trading discipline employed to estimate investments and identify trading occasions in price trends and figures seen on maps. 

Technical analysis is frequently used for short-term investments because it does not consider a company’s potential future prospects. It is based on a stock’s past performance.


Technical analysts accept past trading activity and price changes of a security can be precious pointers of the security’s coming price movements. 
Technical analysis may be varied with beginning analysis, which focuses on a company’s financials rather than Past price figures or stock trends.
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Top 7 Technical Analysis Assumptions

Technical analysis is based on the following assumptions:
  • All relevant information is included in the price.
  • Supply and demand determine market value.
  • Historical performance is an indicator for predicting future price movements.
  • Identify hidden patterns and trends in past performance.
  • Investor sentiment is predictable.
  • Trends in current market behavior.
  • There is a repeat of investor behavior for a particular financial instrument.
Technical analysis does not attempt to measure the beginning value of an asset, but uses price charts and technical indicators to identify figure that can be used as the basis for trade entries and exits.


For example, if you’re willing to buy a medicine supplier’s stock, technical analysis will help you study the historical highs and lows of that company. 
With the help of historical prices and their graphical representation, it will help you to draw a general pattern for price highs and lows. 
Based on these models, it will help you predict when a company’s stock price may rise and when they may fall in the future and decide whether you should buy their stock or not. 
Technical analysis uses some of the newest and beneficial tools to analyze various indicators, but the main theory still revolves around supply and demand factors.

Tools and Techniques for Technical analysis

Why we use advanced tools and techniques for technical analysis? Well, it’s simple. The more information you have at your fingertips, the better your chances of making accurate trading decisions. By understanding market trends, price action, and volume patterns, traders can make informed decisions about when to enter or exit a trade.


Price Charts for Technical Analysis


There’s the oh-so-basic line chart, a bar chart, and a candlestick chart. You’ll most likely use the latter, as it’s the most informative. It shows open, high, low, and close prices for each period, and the color of the candle indicates whether the price went up or down during that time.

In candlestick charts, we can look for patterns that indicate a trend reversal or continuation. These are known as candlestick patterns. Some of the more popular patterns are doji, hammer, and morning star. Trend lines are also an essential tool in technical analysis. They reflect the overall trend by connecting two or more prices.

Last but not least, there are chart patterns, such as head and shoulders, triangle, and flag patterns. These are formed when prices move in a specific way and are often indicators of future movements. So, there you have it, the basics of price charts for technical analysis.


Indicators for Technical Analysis


Indicators for Technical Analysis are tools that help traders identify market trends, filter out price fluctuations, and generate trade signals. Different indicators use different mathematical formulas, but their goal is the same: to make sense of price action and provide insights into the future direction of the market.

Moving Averages are one of the most popular indicators used by traders. They simply calculate the average price of an asset over a specific period, such as 20 days or 50 days. The key idea behind Moving Averages is to smooth out noisy price data and identify the underlying trend. If the price stays above its Moving Average, it could be a sign of an uptrend, while a price that stays below its Moving Average could be a sign of a downtrend.

Relative Strength Index (RSI) is another widely used indicator that measures the speed and change of price movements. It oscillates between 0 and 100 and identifies overbought or oversold conditions in the market. If the RSI is above 70, it could indicate the asset is overbought and could experience a price pullback.

Conversely, if the RSI is below 30, it could indicate the asset is oversold and could experience a price bounce. Moving Average Convergence/Divergence (MACD) is a trend-following momentum indicator that uses Moving Averages to identify potential buy and sell signals. It reflects the relationship between two Moving Averages of an asset and uses crossovers to signal bullish or bearish trends. When the MACD line crosses the signal line from below, it could indicate an uptrend, while crossing from above could indicate a downtrend.

Stochastic Oscillator is a momentum indicator that compares the closing price of an asset to its price range over a specified period. It oscillates between 0 and 100 and identifies potential reversal points in the market. If the Stochastic Oscillator is above 80, it could indicate the asset is overbought, while below 20 could indicate the asset is oversold.

While these indicators can be powerful tools, they are not foolproof and are subject to interpretation and false signals. Traders need to use them in combination with other advanced techniques such as price charts and volume analysis to generate accurate trade signals. But with practice and discipline, traders can master the art of technical analysis and improve their chances of success in the market.


Volume Analysis for Technical Analysis


Volume analysis is a technique used by traders to measure the amount of a particular asset traded during a specific time frame.

It helps to confirm price trends and identify reversals that might not be evident from price action alone. Understanding volume analysis is crucial in technical analysis because it helps in predicting the strength and sustainability of trends.

A sudden price increase with a low trading volume is not as strong as the same price increase with a high trading volume. Traders use volume analysis in combination with price charts and indicators to make better trading decisions.

Some of the commonly used volume indicators include on-balance volume, volume rate of change, and the accumulation/distribution index. These indicators help traders to identify buying and selling pressure and track the market sentiment.

However, volume analysis is not without limitations. There are instances where a sudden spike in volume may not have any significant effect on the price, leading to false signals. It is essential to keep in mind the underlying risks and limitations of volume analysis before making investment decisions.


Combining Advanced Tools and Techniques


Now that we’ve discussed price charts, indicators and volume analysis, it’s time to combine them all. Technical analysis isn’t just about looking at one tool or indicator, it’s about incorporating multiple factors to make informed decisions.

You can’t just rely on one chart pattern or one indicator to give you the full picture. One of the key things to keep in mind when combining these tools is the relationship between price, volume and indicators.

Price action is the main focus of technical analysis, but don’t forget that volume and indicators can confirm or contradict price movements. If there’s a significant price movement, volume can help confirm if it’s genuine or if it’s just a minor correction. Likewise, indicators can back up price movements and confirm trends.

Another useful technique when combining tools is looking for confluences and divergences. For example, if there’s a bullish candlestick pattern forming on the price chart and the RSI is showing oversold conditions, it could be a good opportunity to buy. On the other hand, if there’s a bearish divergence between price action and an indicator like the MACD, it could be a signal to sell. It’s important to keep risk management in mind when using these techniques.

You can always set stop-losses and take-profit orders based on your analysis. This can help you limit your losses and lock in profits. Remember, the goal is to make informed decisions, not to blindly follow your gut feeling. It’s easy to get carried away with technical analysis, but it’s important to keep in mind the limitations and risks.

Subjectivity in interpretation, false signals and sudden market events can all impact your analysis. However, with discipline and continued learning, you can improve your skills and make more informed decisions.


Limitations and Risks of Technical Analysis


Let’s face it, technical analysis isn’t an exact science. There’s no magic formula that predicts the future with 100% accuracy.

Traders often face challenges when it comes to interpreting signals, which can be highly subjective. One trader’s bullish signal could be another’s bearish one. So, be prepared for a healthy dose of subjectivity and uncertainty. False signals are another thorn in the technical analyst’s side.

They’re a natural byproduct of trading in the financial markets. Just when you think you’ve identified a profitable opportunity, a false signal can come out of nowhere, derailing your entire strategy. The reality is that false signals are just a part of the game, and they’re often the cause of many sleepless nights. And then there’s market volatility.

Sudden price movements and unexpected events can disrupt the most robust technical analysis strategies. The market can be a fickle beast, and no amount of sophisticated analysis will change that. So, be ready for the unexpected, and don’t forget to factor in risk management into your trading plan.


Advantages of Technical Analysis 

While fundamental analysis is concerned with analyzing the fair value of a security, on the other hand, technical analysis is more focused on price patterns, trade trends and involves evaluating title pros and cons. Using past trading data, technical analysis can be performed on any security.
According to technical analysts, the change in the price of a security can be set to some extent by analyzing past data on trade trends and the price movement of a security that can relate to.


Technical analysis is one of the most popular ways that investors predict whether a security will increase or decrease in price. It’s based on the assumption that since past prices can’t be changed, they are useful. Predictions rely on analyzing patterns of how a price moved in the past to predict how it will move in the future.

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