Entrepreneur – Definition, Characteristics, Types of Entrepreneurs



Meaning of Entrepreneur

This process is referred in different contexts but mostly, this term is used to refer to an individual who sets up a new company. The definition of an entrepreneur means that it’s someone who ventures into business by bringing together resources and ready to take themselves to risk.


Definition of Entrepreneur

J.B. Say “The entrepreneur is the economic agent who unites all means of production, the labor force of the one and the capital or the land of the others and who finds in the value of products his results from their employment reconstitution of the entire capital that he utilizes and the value of the wages, the interest and the rent which he pays as well as profits belonging to himself.”

Joseph A. Schumpeter “Entrepreneur as an individual who carries out new combines of means of production by which there occurs disequilibrium.”

Peter Drucker “Entrepreneurship is neither a science nor an art. It is a practice. It has a knowledge base, but it is essentially a practice rather than a body of knowledge; and knowledge is useful only if we know how to apply it.”

William D. Bygrave “Entrepreneurship is the process of creating something new with value by devoting the necessary time and effort, assuming the accompanying financial, psychic, and social risks, and receiving the resulting rewards of monetary and personal satisfaction and independence.”

Howard H. Stevenson “Entrepreneurship is the pursuit of opportunity beyond the resources you currently control.”

Robert D. HisrichEntrepreneurship is the process of creating something new with value by devoting the necessary time and effort, assuming the accompanying financial, psychic, and social risks, and receiving the resulting rewards of monetary and personal satisfaction and independence.”

Frank Knight described an entrepreneur as someone who takes on the challenge of uncertainty associated with the risk and uncertainties encountered during economic transactions. 

An entrepreneur in basic definition can be said to be a person who uncovers possibilities, collects assets, and forms profits by means of problems.

Key Characteristics of Successful Entrepreneurs

Certain innate personality traits and characteristics help entrepreneurs achieve success:

The successful entrepreneurs must be highly curious about what is happening within this industry, who these clients are, and the latest industry trends. It is because of their curiosity that they grasp the finer details.

Belief – Entrepreneurs have a strong belief in themselves, that they can do it. Their self-confidence and positive attitude, even in difficult situations, is palpable.

The willingness to take risk – they are ready to jump into uncertain circumstances with eyes wide open and using their heads to plan. They can bear high risks.

Enthusiasm, passion, and motivation among entrepreneurs leads to high energy. These individuals are prepared to work for more than what is fair for their venture.

Thinking outside of the box – that’s what successful entrepreneurs do to create innovative solutions. They are very good at solving creative problems.

Determination – They are self-motivated, driven, focused, and disciplined. Goal orientation and self-discipline are crucial qualities of entrepreneurship.

Types of Entrepreneurs


Based on behavior and approach, entrepreneurs can be broadly classified into the following types:

Innovative entrepreneurs

They introduce new goods or adopt new methods of production. Such entrepreneurs can thrive only when customers are ready for change.

Innovative entrepreneurs are individuals who are creative, visionary, and willing to take risks to drive business growth. They have the ability to think outside the box, experiment with new ideas, and see into the future to generate innovative solutions. 

Basically, They are passionate about their work and are able to adapt to changing circumstances. They are also able to focus on the long-term success of their ventures and are not afraid to take calculated risks.

Imitative entrepreneurs

They follow the lead of innovative entrepreneurs and adopt similar strategies. This type is suitable for under-developed economies.

Imitative entrepreneurs are those who focus on copying successful business models, goods, or services instead of creating entirely new concepts. They closely study successful businesses, replicate their strategies, and make minor adjustments to compete in the market. 

While this approach reduces risk, it also comes with challenges such as increased competition and the need for constant improvements to differentiate from competitors. Ethical considerations are also important in this type of entrepreneurship to respect intellectual property rights and ensure fair competition

Fabian entrepreneurs 

They are highly cautious and skeptical about experimenting with changes in their business. They innovate only when it is necessary.

Fabian entrepreneurs are characterized by a cautious and calculated approach to building their businesses. They prioritize stability, risk reduction, and long-term sustainability. 

They are basically associated with being less of a risk-taker due to their gradual growth strategy, thorough market research, and careful resource optimization. There aim is to build a solid foundation for their business before pursuing rapid growth or expansion. They are also known for their adaptability and strategic thinking.

Drone entrepreneurs

They are conventional and refuse to adopt any changes at all. These entrepreneurs are unwilling to experiment. 

Drone entrepreneurs are characterized by their resistance to change and their reliance on traditional methods. They are often conservative and reluctant to adopt new technologies or practices that could increase productivity. 

Basically They might reject opportunities to replicate or take advantage of new trends or innovations. This approach can lead to underperformance as they stick to their existing norms and oppose change. 

Drone entrepreneurs may even be willing to accept the risk of losing their company to maintain their traditional business practices.

Solo operators

They start and operate enterprises independently without any partners.

Solo operators, also known as solopreneurs, are entrepreneurs who run their businesses alone. They manage all aspects of their ventures, from marketing to operations, without additional team members or partners. They are often the most common type of entrepreneur, with most people starting their ventures as solo operators. 

They are typically single-focused and are often in it for the long run, content to stick with their business until they’re ready to retire.

Active partners

They jointly initiate and manage a venture with other partners.

Active entrepreneurs are those who are constantly looking for new opportunities and are not afraid to take risks. They are always on the move, exploring new ideas and markets. 

They are driven by their passion for their work and are not afraid to experiment with new concepts. They are often innovative and are able to think outside the box .


They focus solely on innovation, research, and development.

Innovative entrepreneurs, as mentioned earlier, are those who focus on creating new and unique concepts. They are able to think outside the box, experiment with new ideas, and see into the future to generate innovative solutions. 

They are passionate about their work and are able to adapt to changing circumstances.

Buyer’s entrepreneurs 

They specialize in marketing and distribution activities rather than manufacturing.

Buyer entrepreneurs are those who focus on buying businesses rather than starting them from scratch. They look for established businesses in their industry that they can acquire, often with the goal of improving or expanding upon the existing business model.

Basically, They are typically interested in the long-term value of the business rather than short-term gains. This type of entrepreneurship requires a different set of skills than starting a new business, including knowledge of financial analysis and negotiation.

Life timer entrepreneurs 

They consider business to be an integral part of their life often as a family inheritance.

Lifetime entrepreneurs, also known as serial entrepreneurs, are those who start and run multiple businesses throughout their career. They often have a track record of successful businesses behind them and are known for their resilience and ability to adapt to changing market conditions. 

They are not afraid to take risks and are often driven by their passion for entrepreneurship. Their goal is often to create a lasting legacy in their industry.

Challenger Entreprenur

They start enterprises purely out of enthusiasm for overcoming challenges.

Challenger entrepreneurs are those who aim to disrupt existing markets and industries. They are innovative and are not afraid to challenge the status quo. They often come up with new ideas or business models that can upend traditional ways of doing things. 

They are often driven by a desire to make a significant impact on their industry and are willing to take on established companies to achieve their goals. Challenger entrepreneurs are often associated with exponential growth and rapid market expansion.


The entrepreneurship has deepened our appreciation regarding business innovation. It defined what entrepreneurship is and illustrated the characteristics of successful business people. 

Moreover, we learned of the different kinds of entrepreneurs such as innovators and challengers that allow us to understand the numerous ways people do business. The knowledge here acts as a direction or guiding principle for aspirant adventurers in this world of perpetual change.

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