The part of accounting that is concerned with recording data is often known as bookkeeping – Frank Wood
Bookkeeping is the daily operation of an accounting system, which involves recording and classifying routine transactions – Meigs & Meigs
R.N. Carter says that “Book-keeping is the science and art of correctly recording in the books of accounts all those business transactions that result in the transfer of money or money’s worth.”
A. W. Johnson says that “Accounting may be defined as the collection, compilation and systematic recording of business transactions in terms of money, the preparation of financial reports, the analysis and interpretation of these reports and the use of these reports for the information and guidance of management”
The main differences between bookkeeping and accounting are that bookkeeping is primarily used to record financial transactions. Other hand, accounting is used to analyze, interpret, and report on financial data.
Also, bookkeeping is not usually required to generate financial statements, whereas accounting is essential to generate thorough financial statements. Bookkeeping is the process of recording.
Accounting refers to the process of understanding, classifying, analyzing, reporting, and summarizing financial data.
Basic Types of Bookkeeping
Single-entry bookkeeping has one entry per transaction, while double-entry bookkeeping has two entries per transaction—a debit and a credit. The debit is recorded in one account while the credit is recorded in another.
Single-entry bookkeeping only uses one account per transaction, whereas double-entry bookkeeping uses two accounts.
Double-entry bookkeeping is more accurate than single-entry bookkeeping. Because it provides a complete record of each financial transaction.
Tasks involved in bookkeeping include recording financial transactions, and creating financial statements. And managing accounts receivable and accounts payable.
|Recording and maintaining daily financial transactions
|Analyzing and interpreting financial data
|Transactional in nature, primarily focused on record keeping
|Analytical in nature, primarily focused on generating insights
|Level of Analysis
|Detail-oriented, with a strong understanding of software
|Analytical, with a strong understanding of financial principles and laws
|Basic math skills, attention to detail, familiarity with bookkeeping principles, software proficiency
|Strong analytical and critical thinking skills, understanding of financial statements and laws, ability to provide financial advice
|Generally no formal education requirements, although some training or certification may be helpful
|Bachelor’s degree in accounting or related field, Certified Public Accountant (CPA) certification preferred
|Limited growth potential, may lead to accounting positions
|Advancement opportunities into management or specialized accounting roles
|Generally lower than accounting positions
|Generally higher than bookkeeping positions
|Day-to-day management of financial transactions
|Periodic reporting, analysis and forecasting
|No legal responsibilities
|Some legal responsibilities, such as tax preparation and regulatory compliance
|Prepares financial statements, such as balance sheets and income statements
|Analyzes financial statements to provide insights and advice