What is Transportation and Logistics || Types of Transportation

What is Transportation and Logistics 

Transportation refers to the movement of people, animals, and goods from one place to another using various means. 

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What is Transportation and Logistics || Types of Transportation Definepedia
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The movement of people, animals, and other things from one location to another via various ways is called as transportation or logistics.


The movement of people, products, and services from one location to another is referred to as transportation. (The World Bank)
Logistics is the process of planning, organizing, and managing the proper flow of goods and services from one place to another. (The Council of Supply Chain Management Professionals)
The movement of people, goods, and information from one location to another is referred to as transportation. (The American Society of Civil Engineers)
Logistics is the art and science of moving and storing goods in the most efficient and cost-effective manner possible. (The United States Department of Defense)
Transportation is the movement of people, goods, and services over a distance. (The United Nations)
The process of planning, organising, and controlling the transportation of commodities and materials from point of origin to point of consumption is known as logistics. (The International Organization for Standardization)

Types of Transportation

There are several types of transportation, which can be broadly categorized as follows:

Human-powered transport

This entails using human muscle force to move, such as walking, running, and swimming. Human-powered vehicles for challenging settings (such as snow, water, and air) have also been built using modern technology.

Land transport

This covers all land-based transportation systems and can be further divided into two subcategories:

Rail transport

Conveyance of passengers and goods using wheeled vehicles running on rail tracks, like trains.

Road transport

Transportation of people and products on roadways utilising various vehicles such as automobiles, motorcycles, buses, and trucks.

Water transport

This type of transportation uses water bodies to move people and goods. Early examples include dugout logs, while modern water transport includes ships and boats.

Air transport

This entails using aircraft, such as planes and helicopters, to carry people and cargo through the air.

Pipeline transport

This mode involves sending goods through pipes, typically liquids and gases, but also solid capsules using pneumatic tubes and compressed air.

Cable transport

Vehicles are pulled by cables instead of an internal power source, most commonly used in steep gradients. Examples include aerial tramways, elevators, escalators, and ski lifts.

Space transport

This involves the transportation of objects and people out of Earth’s atmosphere into outer space using spacecraft. It is mainly used for launching satellites and conducting scientific experiments.


This collective term refers to small electric-powered vehicles, such as electric scooters and electric bicycles .

My Perspective 

Each mode of transport has its own infrastructure, vehicles, transport operators, and operations . 
The choice of transportation mode depends on few common factors that are distance, time, cost, and the specific requirements of the goods or passengers being transported. So these are the common factors.

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