7 Important Market Segments | (Explained)

Arpit avatar


Market segmentation is the process of dividing a market into many groups of buyers whose needs differ, and who need separate products. Market segmentation is most often used to identify and target various types of customers with various needs and behaviors.


By segmenting a market, companies can create clear marketing strategies and plan that target various types of customers, thereby increasing the efficacy of their marketing strategy.



{tocify} {$title=Table of Contents}

Any product’s market is often divided into several groups. Therefore, a market is the collective of a specific product’s users. And the customer who creates a market has diverse attributes and purchasing habits. There are several aspects that contribute to customers’ differing mindsets. Similarly, it is common for a market to have several different segments.


Market segmentation is the method by which marketers split a market into many sub-markets to capture different markets for any product. Thus, market segmentation is the division of a market into similar groups of customers, each of whom responds to advertising, communication, price, and other marketing mix elements.

"Discovering the Meaning and Definitions of Market Segmentation"


Within the market segment approach, a process of dividing the market based on similarities that exist among the various subgroups is performed. The similarities share qualities or shared wants and desires. Market segmentation started from the observation that, all consumers are not equal, so all strategies are also not equal to cover all.




Market segmentation and diversity are concepts that work together.

There is no need to segment markets if the market was not diversified, made up of many distinct people with there

      • origins,

      • places of origin,

      • interests,

      • needs and wants,

    • views

      The global marketplace’s diversity makes market segmentation an appealing, realistic, and even very effective technique.



      Therefore, A large enough population with money to spend and enough diversity to allow dividing the market into small parts based on demographic or other strategic market segmentation needs conditions


      When marketers offer a variety of product or service options to a variety of consumers on their interests. then, consumers are happier, and their happiness, joy, and quality of life improve. As a result, market segmentation benefits both consumers and marketers.








      “Market segmentation consists of taking the total heterogeneous market for a product and dividing it into several sub-markets or segments, each of which tends to be similar markets which are made up of individuals with a similar need, wants.”  – W.J.Stanton

       For More Author’s Definition on Market Segmentation Click Here 


      MC Donald’s and other marketers have market segmentation to be a valuable technique for the following reasons : 

      “Market segmentation is the process of splitting customers, or potential customers, in a market into different groups, or segments, within which customers share a similar level of interest in the same, or comparable, set of needs satisfied by a distinct marketing proposition” – MC Donald

      Types of Market Segmentation

      • Geographic – based on land, rural or metropolitan area.
      • Demographic-based on age, gender, income, occupation, education, and nationality.
      • Psychographic – based on social status, lifestyle type, and personality type.
      • Behavioral- based on the intensity of product use, brand loyalty, user behaviors, price sensitivity, and technology adoption.
      • Firmographic – individuals as well as business statistics organisations. Business market segmentation

      Geographic Segmentation

      This segmentation divides clients into geographical regions. Area, city, nation, climate, geography, population density, and so on are all factors. If you need to target an ad to people in a certain region, such as if you’re advertising a small local business. Then, segmenting a market by geography is important. It’s particularly important if you’re targeting a large area. 
      Since, it allows you to adjust your messaging to regional changes in language, interests, norms, and other characteristics, as well as people’s various demands in different places.

      Demographic Segmentation

      Demographic segmentation is one of the most common forms. It refers to segmenting audiences based on observable, person-to-person distinctions on the basis of the following points :-
      • Age,  
      • Gender,  
      • Marital status,  
      • Family size,  
      • Employment,  
      • Education level,  
      • Income,  
      • Race,  
      • Nationality,  
      • Religion   
      The most fundamental kind of market segmentation is demographic segmentation. Combining demographic segmentation with other ways of segmentation will help you to reduce your market even more. One advantage of this type of segmentation is that the information is easy to get and inexpensive.

      Psychographic Segmentation

      It is like demographic segmentation, but it focuses on mental and emotional factors. These characteristics may not be as visible as demographics, but they may provide a vital sense of your audience’s motivations, choices, and demands.   
      Understanding these qualities of your audience will help you generate more effective content for them. Personality types, interests, beliefs, values, attitudes, and lifestyles are examples of psychographic features.  
      So it means, classifying clients based on their personality, mental, and emotional traits. Its factors include social class, lifestyle, personality, and so forth.

      Behavioral Segmentation

      By segmenting your audience based on the behaviors they show, you can build messaging that responds to those patterns. Many of the activities you may consider are related to how people connect with your product, website, app, or brand.  
      • Among the behaviors to consider
      • Online purchasing habits 
      • Actions performed on a website
      • Rate of Loyalty Usage 
      • Benefits desired  
      Behavioral data is valuable since it directly connects to how people engage with your brand or products. As a result, it can help you promote them more successfully.

      Firmographics Segmentation

      This is aimed at individuals as well as business statistics organisations. Business market segmentation takes into account factors like company size and employee count and shows how dealing with small and medium-sized enterprises differs from dealing with large enterprises.

      Market Segmentation and Market Strategy

      When it comes to marketing techniques, most people think of the 4Ps (Product, Price, Place, Promotion). But now it is enhanced by three more Ps that are, People, Processes, and Physical Evidence.

      Market segmentation and target market identification, but, are critical components of every marketing plan. They serve as the foundation for developing any specific marketing mix. The following are the fundamental steps in marketing strategy:




      Top 8 Needs Effective Segmentation  

      Market segmentation is used to achieve a specific practical goal. In order for this to happen, the segments selected must fulfill specific requirements, such as:




      The distinguishing characteristics of segments must measure in order for them to check. Marketers must be able to detect these factors to divide the market into several groups. Based on certain common features related to a certain product or service. Certain segmentation factors are identifiable because they are visible or observable.  Age, gender, marital status, education, and employment are examples of demographics. This demographic information can be collected either by observation or through study. 



      Geographic segmentation (region, city size, density of area, and climate) may also be easily determined. Since it is visible or through mapping. But, there are certain features that are difficult to identify.





      Segments are accessible via communication and distribution methods. This point helps in identifying target customers, such as demographics, lifestyle, and behavior. Marketers use these points to identify and target the right consumers for their products and services.   

      Reaching these points is essential for any successful marketing campaign. Because, it allows businesses to better understand their target audience and create content, products, and services according to them.





      The segments must be large enough to justify the resources needed to target them. A tiny part may be unsuitable for economic use.





       Finding divisions that are large but not profitable is pointless. Yet, good marketing segmentation initiatives may boost a company’s long-term profitability and health. Market segmentation has several advantages, including increased resource efficiency. Marketing segmentation enables management to concentrate on certain demographics or clients.


      The Segments should be generally stable to reduce the cost of frequent alterations. Longevity in market segmentation is helpful in that it allows firms to better understand their target audiences. This means, identify their needs and preferences, and crafting their strategies and products to meet those needs.   

      It also enables firms to track changes in customer behavior over time, and change their strategies accordingly. This helps businesses stay competitive and relevant in a changing market. 





      The Segment potential as well as the influence of a given marketing mix on them should be quantifiable. Another important feature examines the level of measurability of segment size and purchasing power. The marketer must be able to form the market size, that is, how many individuals are in the sector and where they are situated.  The marketer must be capable of determining the level of effectiveness of the marketing mix. 

      So that elements on the specific segment as well as measuring the segment’s sales potential. For example, a restaurant may wish to improve its food and beverage offerings.





      Segments must be compatible with the resources and capabilities of the company. Another point of worry for marketers is if the segments are large enough to warrant investment. A market segment must have a big number of consumers with unique requirements and interests to be worthwhile. The major sector must be large enough to be efficient. 

      The size of the market is not the only determinant of the segment’s economic merit.  It is also vital to do consumer research to establish whether customers are unsatisfied or pleased with existing items and whether they are prepared to pay for the firm’s offering. The target segment should be a big homogenous group on which to focus a targeted marketing campaign.





      Marketers want to target consumers whose actions can be predicted. Marketers want to be certain that consumers’ demographic and psychological characteristics, as well as their needs, will remain stable over time. Marketers want to avoid ‘fads’ that may fade away one day due to their erratic durability.






      Nature of Market Segmentation 

      The nature of market segmentation is that it requires a homogeneous group of consumers with similar needs or characteristics, as well as externally heterogeneous segments with unique features. This allows companies to create targeted marketing campaigns and tailor their products or services to the specific needs of each segment. 



      Effective market segmentation is crucial for increasing sales and improving market performance. By understanding the distinct groups of consumers within a market, companies can develop strategies to effectively reach and serve them.





      Objectives and Importance of Market Segmentation 

      The objectives of market segmentation are to identify customer needs and wants, create unique marketing programs for each segment, divide marketing resources, and increase sales.   

      Market segmentation is important because it allows businesses to target specific customer groups, and their messages to those groups, and create more effective campaigns. It also enables businesses to use their resources more efficiently, as they are able to focus on the most profitable customer segments.



      Finally, market segmentation helps businesses identify new opportunities and areas for growth. 



      Market segmentation tries to better understand customers so that firms may properly build plans to meet their requirements and desires. It not only helps to please the client, but it also allows the firm to use its resources more efficiently. 




      The following are the primary goals of market segmentation:



      Understanding the Attractive Marketing Opportunities  

      Marketing segmentation separates a large heterogeneous market into tiny homogeneous market segments. So that collect specific consumer information. It is an important technique to learn about potential marketing possibilities. In return, the business can do a comparative study of segments and potential growth.



      Helps in the selection of a target market  

      Market segmentation assists the marketer in identifying his target market. Market segmentation allows an organization to separate one market segment from another by demonstrating which market segment is the best from it. This distinction helps in the formation of the firm’s target market.



      Help in the determination of the marketing mix

      It is easier to understand numerous elements of customers when the entire market is split. Marketers may learn all about their customers’ wants, needs, and desires. They may also learn about their age, location, education, religion, income, purchasing power, and so on. Marketers are so well-positioned to select the ideal marketing mix for them. Furthermore, they can alter the market mix.



      Helps in the formation of an effective marketing strategy  

      One of the primary goals of market segmentation is to collect detailed info on existing and prospective customers. Once you understand your consumer, you can successfully plan and implement your market strategy.







      Process of Market Segmentation


      Identify target market: The first step of market segmentation is to identify the target market. This involves understanding the market size, potential customers, and the needs and wants of the target market.    


      Analyze customer data: The next step is to analyze customer data to gain insights into the target market. This can include demographic, socio-economic, and behavioral data.    


      Develop segments: Once the data is analyzed, segments can be developed based on shared characteristics. This can include age, gender, location, lifestyle, income, and other factors.    


      Select segments: After the segments are developed, the marketer will select the most relevant segments to target. This requires an assessment of the potential size of each segment and its potential for growth.    


      Track segments: Finally, the marketer should check the segments regularly to ensure they remain relevant and continue to reach the desired target market. This includes reviewing customer data and adjusting the segments as needed. 






      Disadvantages of Market Segmentation 

      Market segmentation is an incomplete science. As you go through the process, review the results to ensure you’ve found the best solution for your marketing, sales, and product organisation needs.

      How can you meet today’s customers’ expectations? Some fundamental rules should govern common market segmentation:


      • Increased Cost: Market segmentation requires significant investments in terms of cost, time and resources to identify, analyze and target a specific market segment.
      • Limitations of Data: Market segmentation relies heavily on data as it is used to identify target segments, but data can be limited or unreliable.
      • Over-Segmentation: As companies strive to identify smaller and smaller segments, they can end up with too many segments that are too small to be profitable.
      • Difficulty in Targeting: It can be difficult to reach the target market segments due to the varied needs and interests of each segment.
      • Failure to Reach Consumers: Even if a segment is accurately identified, there is no guarantee that the target market will respond to the marketing efforts.
      • Make sure the segments aren’t too small or too specialised. Smaller segments may be difficult to measure and accurate, and they may be more distracting than revealing.

      • Don’t focus solely on segments, but on the purchasing power and need of the product as well
      • Don’t be too rigid. Customers and circumstances change, so make sure your segment does not become too specialised. Prepare to evolve your market segment.

      Profile of Market Segmentation

      Once you have divided the market into segments and determined the use of segmentation variables, you need to estimate the level to which your company’s possible products or services may meet the needs of potential customers. To accomplish this, you will create profiles of which was before market segments that describe the similarities and differences between potential clients in each segment.
      Remember that people in each segment should be very similar in terms of several characteristics or needs of a product or service and should differ significantly from those in other market segments.
      By creating market segment profiles, you may gain a better understanding of how your company can use its capabilities to serve groups of potential customers.

      Theories of Marketing Segmentation

      Homogeneity-Heterogeneity Theory

      There are several theories that seek to explain why market segmentation is effective.  One of the most widely cited theories is the “Homogeneity-Heterogeneityhypothesis. This proposes that consumers are more likely to respond positively to marketing messages that are tailored to their specific needs and preferences.  
      According to this theory, consumers who belong to a homogeneous market segment are more likely to have similar needs and preferences. Therefore, they are more likely to respond positively to a marketing campaign that is designed specifically for them.  

      Niche-Market Theory

      Another theory is the “Niche-Markethypothesis. This means that companies can create more effective marketing campaigns by focusing on smaller, specialized market segments. This theory is based on the idea that consumers belong to a niche market. They are more likely to have unique needs and preferences. Thus, they are more likely to respond positively to marketing messages that are sewer to their needs.  
      Overall, Market segmentation theories suggest that companies can improve the effectiveness of their marketing campaigns by dividing the market into smaller groups of consumers with similar needs.   
      This allows companies to create targeted marketing messages that are more likely to resound with specific segments of the population, leading to increased sales and revenue.

      Example of Market Segmentation

      An excellent example of market segmentation is the banking business, which includes companies such as Wells Fargo (WFC) – Get Free Report and JP Morgan Chase (JPM) – Get Free Report. Both are giant banks with a diverse range of goods that need market segmentation to be effectively marketed. JP Morgan Chase would not likely sell 401(k)s or IRAs to college-aged consumers; instead, banks may target a 30-40-year-old audience, or even older residents.  
      Furthermore, certain food brands or grocery shops, such as Whole Foods. Generally divide their market into more health-conscious consumers ready to pay a premium for organic or naturally-sourced food goods and groceries.  
      Market segmentation may comprise many kinds of segmentation (such as geographic or behavioral) and address a wide range of demands.  
      In conclusion, market segmentation is a used strategy in many industries as a means to better understand and target specific groups of consumers. By dividing the market into smaller ones, companies can create targeted marketing campaigns.


      Paliwoda, S. J. (1994). The essence of International Marketing. Prentice Hall.

      Kotler, P. (2022). Principles of Marketing. Pearson.

      Ansoff, H. Igor. Strategic Management. Palgrave Macmillan UK, 1979. DOI.org (Crossref), https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-02971-6.

      4 responses to “7 Important Market Segments | (Explained)”

      1. Knowledgeable 🥳

      2. Great job on providing such valuable and informative content! Your in-depth knowledge on the subject is truly impressive, and it shows in the way you present the information. Keep up the excellent work!

      3. Nice bro

      Leave a Reply

      Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *